This article will help the students to clearly understand the causes and effects of pollution and they are able to write their own essay on pollution.

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500+words Essay on Pollution in English for students


The manifestation of any unwanted foreign substances in natural resources like air, water, soil,…etc., that cause damage to the creatures on earth is termed as pollution.

essay on pollution
Essay on pollution

Definition of pollution:

Undesirable changes occur in the physical, chemical, and biological characteristics of any component of the environment, which can cause harmful effects on various forms of life or property are called “Pollution”.


Pollutants are the waste materials that cause pollution. Pollutants are generated from different sources. For example; Industries, Automobiles, Thermal Power Plants, nuclear reactions,….etc.,

Types of Pollution:

Pollution is of different kinds depending on the nature of pollutants.

  1. Air Pollution
  2. Water Pollution
  3. Soil Pollution
  4. Noise Pollution
  5. Marine Pollution
  6. Thermal Pollution

Air pollution:- Air pollution is one of the types of pollution, it causes by contamination of air due to the presence of some substances which as a poisonous effect. Read more

Water Pollution:- Water pollution can be defined as “alteration in physical, chemical, or biological characteristics of water making it unsuitable for designated use in its natural state. Read more…

Soil Pollution:- Soil is the upper layer of the earth’s crust which is formed by weathering of rocks. Organic matter in the soil makes it suitable for living organisms. Read more…

Noise Pollution:- Noise pollution is also known as Sound pollution. Noise pollution is one of the environmental pollution caused by various things. Read more…

essay on pollution
Essay on pollution
Sources of Pollution:

Pollution is caused by various pollutants and pollutants are caused by different sources.

The thermal power plant, industrial units, vehicular emissions, fossil fuel burning, agricultural activities, volcanic eruptions, forest fires, biological decay, are the sources of air pollution.

Sewage, Industrial effluents, synthetic detergents, agrochemicals, oil, waste heat, are the sources of water pollution. Domestic and industrial waste cause soil pollution.

Industrial operations, construction activities, and celebrations, electric home appliances, are the sources of noise pollution.

Effects of pollution:

Pollution has adverse effects on living creatures and other things on earth. Pollution affects the life of every living creature that one can imagine.

Pollution may affect the health of humans, plants are also affected by pollution, some precious materials are also damaged by pollution, aquatic life effects by pollution.

Pollution affects more damage to the environment and earth also. It also causes damage to the ozone layer.

It increases Global warming that increases the temperature of the earth.

Preventive measures to control pollution:

Preventing pollution means we need to remove waste pollutants from the environment and prevent them from entering the environment in the future.

Many public sector companies as well as many private sector companies are working hard to control pollution and the general public can prevent pollution by taking certain precautions.

The general public can greatly help in pollution control by following some of the simplest precautions given below:

  • Industries should be built away from towns and cities and their waste should be recycled so that if that is not possible then the waste should be treated and released into the environment.
  • It is best for people to use public transport as much as possible. Otherwise, it would be great for more people to travel together in their own vehicles.
  • Waste should not be released into the environment as much as possible.
  • People should consider it our responsibility to plant as many trees and protect the forests. The more trees we plant, the better it will be for our future generations.

Together we can provide a pollution-free environment for future generations by following these rules.


Our human beings are responsible for this pollution which is very dangerous to all living beings on this earth. So we must all work together to eradicate this pollution.

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